Individualism is a way of thinking that values the individual higher than groups of individuals. Individualism is not the same as selfishness; it must respect the individuality of others as well as its own: “Love your neighbour as yourself.” Individualism respects the unique character of every person.
Collectivism is its opposite, valuing the group as a whole above any of its components. Thus the value of an individual is secondary (or worse) compared to the value of the collective, whether it be family, clan, tribe, or nation; religion or clique or corporation or any other group.
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